The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens to the vagina. The neck of the uterus is the cervical canal, which is narrow and about 2.5 cm long. When a woman is in labor the cervix widens so that the baby can come out of the womb.
The cervix inflammation is known as cervicitis and the symptoms include vaginal discharge in green, white, yellow or grayish color. Also, painful sexual intercourse and pain in the pelvis.
-Two most common issues are cervical eversion and cervical erosion. Another disease is cervical stenosis, which is manifested with partial or total narrowing of the uterus that may lead to total closing of the uterus.
– Cysts and polyps may also develop. Cervical cysts have no symptoms and require no special treatment. The cervical polyps are not serious as well although they may cause bleeding or vaginal discharge. Polyps can be removed surgically.
-Genital warts can affect the cervix by developing some minor damages. These warts are caused by the HPV and there are many kinds of them and some of them are connected with increased risk of cervix cancer.
•Dysplasia is manifested with enlargement of the cells in the cervix. It is considered precancerous condition and if it’s not treated it can cause cervix cancer in 30 to 50 percents of the cases. It can affect women of all ages but usually attacks ladies between 25 and 35 years. This condition can be discovered with Pap test.
-Nabothian cyst is the most common type of cyst that occurs on the cervix when the mucous gland is clogged.
-Endometriosis is a growing cyst on the ovaries and may result in cervical cyst. In women affected by this condition there is a tissue that is very similar to the uterine tissue (endometrium), which develops outside the uterus in different areas in the pelvis. The endoetrium tissue is swollen and bleeds during the woman’s period. It is manifested with severe pain, nausea, heavy menstrual bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse and in some cases may result in infertility.
Cervical polyps occur after infections, when the body tries to recuperate and new cells that are supposed to replace the old damaged ones are developing. Cervical polyps may occur in pregnant ladies and in those who use birth control pills as a result of hormonal disorder.
The uterine diseases that are harmless such as cervical erosion and Nabothian cysts, usually require no special treatment. The more serious diseases can be treated with conventional and alternative methods.