The ovaries are even organs placed deep in the pelvis in both sides of the uterus. Each ovary contains thousand tiny ovary eggs. When the woman has her menstrual period, which occurs once a month, one egg grows in cystic form and is called an ovary follicle. When the egg matures the ovary follicle releases the ovary egg. This process is called ovulation. Then, the ovary egg enters the fallopian tube and from there it travels to the uterus. The ovary egg travels to the uterus for three days.
The ovaries produce hormones called estrogen and progesterone as well. While the ovary egg matures, the follicle releases estrogen that thickens the uterine mucosa to be prepared in case of fertilization of the egg. If the egg is not fertilized the progesterone levels decrease and menstruation occurs and the cycle repeats again. The ovaries can suffer from several issues: infections, cysts and tumors, which are usually benign or noncancerous. These tumors have no symptoms and can be discovered only with regular medical examinations.
Sometimes the ovaries can have small cysts or a disease, also known as polycystic ovary syndrome. Although benign tumors usually disappear after several menstrual cycles, some of them can grow and cause problems. They can trouble the production of hormones in the ovaries and cause heavy bleeding, abnormal hair growth or frequent urination. Cysts and tumors can rupture and cause severe abdominal pain and infections.
Causes and diagnosis
The most common cause of ovarian inflammation is a microbial infection that develops in the opening of the vagina. The infection can be a result of menstrual period, abortion or postnatal period. The infection is manifested with increased vaginal discharge and severe cramps or pain in the lower abdominal area.
Your gynecologist will give you a full check up and in case he doubts of some ovary issue he will suggest echo check up. Ovarian cysts don’t always require treatment because they usually disappear after several menstrual cycles. However, always consult your doctor because he will give you the proper diagnosis. Remember that the alternative methods for treating ovarian disorders only boost the effects of conventional methods.